Start Making $400 Monthly As A Student

What Do I Do Online?


How To Be Making $400+ Monthly As A Student

I’m a student, and many of my readers are too. Even our readers who are no longer students are also interested in making money online. 
Last month alone,  I made $982 online, doing so many things. This might be too small for some people, like Harsh Agrawal of ShoutMeLoud.com who makes above $50,000 monthly. Converting it to Naira, it was a total of  354 thousand Naira (based on the present conversion rate)  
I didn’t have to leave my house to work under any boss, of course  I’m a student. I only subscribed my modem and that was my only investment. I didn’t even run Facebook and Twitter ads as I normally did, and that was why I didn’t make much. Moreover my academics were too occupying that I hardly had more than  2 hours a day on my laptop. At the end of everything, I landed in  two hundred and nine thousand Naira!  
I can’t share my account balance because it’s not that necessary, most internet marketers don’t do that.I’m not a Yahoo boy but I live better than most of them. Judging from the spiritual and emotional repercussions of their actions, you’d see that they are really in a mess. I just do some pretty petty jobs online and at the end of the month I get amazing $$$ in my bank account.  

How To Be Making $400+ Monthly As A Student



I do so many things online. I’d share some of them below:  
–  Blogging
I’m a blogger, at least for a year now I’ve been blogging. I have over four blogs but I’d share only three. You can check them up:  Reporter 247,  Know  Info Guide Africa and  Afra Tales.  
If you check  Afra Tales, you will not see any AdSense. Does that mean that I’m not making any $$$ from it? Well, we all are blogging for money, so I should have sold it off if it was not my business. That blog, without AdSense makes me  minimum $20 a week. It’s the lowest among all my blog earnings because I put the lowest interest in it. You can even check to see when last I updated it. The rest make  two times the first. When I check how much I make from my blogs, they reach  $700 a month, that’s about  252, 350. However, I co-partner on them. 

2.  I’m a freelancer
I write for people and get paid. Some of my clients pay as high as  $10 for a 450-500 words article, some pay as low as $3, but I always avoid the later. I always tell my students that anything you can do can pay you for life and I mean it. I even included a bonus e-book,  Actualizing Your Dreams As A Freelancer, where I enlisted almost everything you need to know about freelancing. I even included a website that will pay you  $100 (about N35, 000) for each of your articles they accept.  
They are out to encourage writers but not everyone has heard about them. I put it down in my bonus e-book too.  

3.  Graphics designs:  
I don’t do this but my twin does. A simple logo, made with Corel Draw can land  you $30. The sweetest part is that it takes less than one hour to complete this. Imagine making ten graphics designs a week, you don’t even need to work again. That’s something more than $250, and that’s around  90, 000 in a week
How many civil servants make that in a month? The only problem is that you might not be able to find a buyer. That implies that your designs are all left to you, and you make no money with it. I have given out some easy tips to help you sell out yourself and make the real $$$. 

4.  E-books
This is the sweetest of all my money making methods. My e-books have  sold as high as $50 per copy and as low as $0.99, depending on the demand and the volume of the e-book. E-books on health, relationship and money making tips make the biggest sells. However, I have seen people whose e-books sell only 2 copies, and that’s very discouraging.  

5.  Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube, etc
In September  I made $280 from my Facebook account. That is slightly above 100,000 Naira just to chat. I don’t even have more than two thousand friends in the account. My Twitter, with just 10,000 followers makes me about $20 a month. When I put my interest in Twitter and get up to 100,000 followers, you know what I’d be making.  
You shouldn’t still be wondering how Justin Bieber, Barack Obama and other top influencers make so much amount of money from their influence after reading this e-book. That your Instagram account can be paying your bills.  

6.  Website Creation and Designs
I’m not yet a guru in this but I created all my sites…Lol. I also create for people and get paid, but it’s only blogs anyways. If you can master other types of websites, then you should say good-bye to hunger for life. I’m too occupied to start this fully, but if you’re interested, then you can turn it into a career. 

7.  Other things
Many other things such as selling of your photos, writing e-books for people and so on can help you land your desired $$$ in a month. I have an Indian friend who makes minimum $6,000 in a month. That is something close to  2,163,000. He has been dodging telling me his secrets and I’m yet to find them out. How many civil servants and graduates can boast of up to  50,000 monthly?  

That is the level which Nigeria has fallen to. We cannot fall with Nigeria.  
People are taking advantages of these falls in dollar rate to make more Naira than they ever made. Imagine getting paid in dollars, when you convert them you know what it means.  

I have my students who are already making close to N70, 000 from the simple wealth tips I taught them. A graduate had to quit his job when he discovered that he could make more than $500 from his laptop.  
Everyday you wake up, you pick up your laptop, do some petty jobs and get the money. 

I want to teach you to be self reliant too.


Yes, the prayer of every teacher is for his student to be greater than him.  The sky is too big to contain us all. Every bird can fly comfortably.  
What do I mean,  we all can be making more than  500,000 a month from the internet and yet it will not be saturated. Everyone can be a wealth blogger yet the new ones will not lack. 

My third blog made me it’s first $50 less than three weeks after launching it. It doesn’t matter how long you have blogged, it doesn’t matter how long you have hustled online,  you can land your first $200 this month.  

I have penned down the 20 Killer Tips That Can Land You A Comfortable Internet Career In A 72 Page E-book

I named it  Making Millions In Your Dark Room because it’s all about that.  
The e-book is covering the following topics: 

– Freelance Writing /Content Creation 
– Test Websites & Apps 
– Create A Niche Website/Website Flipping 
– Website Publishing 
– Email Marketing 
– Selling Your Stuff Online i.e. CafePress 
– Cartoon & Video Creation/YouTube 
– Editing/Translating 
– Graphics Designing/Logo Creation 
– Search Engine Optimization [ie SEO] 
– App creation 
– Customer Service 
– Social Network/Forum Creation 
– Social Media Advertising [e.g. Facebook, Twitter, Instagram] 
– Social Media Manager 
– Ethical Hacking 
– Blogging & Affiliate Marketing 
– Tutor Students 
–  Extras [how to get above 5,000 Instagram, Facebook and Twitter followers + likes [which you can then sell for money],  how to get AdSense approval without stress, how to get a 100,000 Facebook group members, etc]. You’ll also get access to our after sales coaching on making money online for a month. 

…and as I promised, a bonus e-book, Actualizing Your Dreams As A Freelancer. I have covered some major tips to  land you over $200 a month from freelance writing in this 24-page guide.  

The two e-books are on sale on Gumroad for $9.99 and $0.99 each. However, I have added the later as a bonus to the buyers of the first, so that you pay only $9.99.  

Samsung sues its own brand ambassador for using an iPhone X on TV

  • Ksenia Sobchak is the face of Samsung in Russia, and is required to use Samsung-branded smartphones.
    However, Sobchak used an iPhone X during a TV spot, attempting to hide the contraband behind a piece of paper.
    Samsung is now suing the brand ambassador for the equivalent of $1.6 million.
    It’s not unusual for brands to pay celebrities to use their products. Some brands even go so far as to pay celebrities mountains of cash to only use that company’s products, at least when they are in a public setting.
    Samsung is one such company and has paid celebrities like musician Adam Levine and tennis star David Ferrer to use Samsung smartphones. However, both of those celebrities were caught using iPhones instead.
    Apparently, Samsung is done messing around, as the latest Samsung brand ambassador to be caught using an iPhone is now getting sued by the company to the tune of 108 million Russian rubles (~$1.6 million), via The Mirror.
    Russian journalist, politician, and reality TV star — and Russian president Vladimir Putin’s so-called “goddaughter” — Ksenia Sobchak is the face of Samsung in Russia. As such, she is paid to exclusively use Samsung electronics publicly. However, on a recent live television stint, Sobchak can clearly be seen using an iPhone — likely aniPhone X, although it’s hard to be 100 percent certain.
    Sobchak tried her best by using her fingers to hide the Apple logo and then using a piece of paper to hide it on the table:
    To Samsung’s credit, the potential $1.6 million penalty isn’t for a first infraction: Sobchak has apparently been caught using an iPhone in public on multiple previous occasions.
    AppleInsider speculates the $1.6 million penalty is actually more than Samsung is even paying her, which is pretty brutal.
    However, it’s hard to feel sorry for anyone who makes millions from simply using one type of smartphone — and then messes it up. Seriously, I’m a diehard Android fanboyand I’ll use whatever Apple wants for millions of dollars. I’ll get an Apple logo tattoo. On my face.

20 things you didn’t know you could do with Google Search »

Google Search is the place Nigerians go to answer questions they are too embarrassed to ask their friends. From answering questions to weather forecasts and sports results, Google has developed some pretty cool features over the years.

Search turned 20 recently, and we’ve compiled 20 of the most useful tips and tricks to help you search, that many people don’t know about.
Find events: With your phone, simply search for ‘events near me’ or for a specific event type like ‘food festivals’ and you’ll see listings for local activities from around the web.
Movie showtimes and tickets: Type ‘movie showtimes’ into the Search bar to get showtimes, theater locations, and ratings all in one place. It makes it easy to decide which movie and location work best for you (and then to buy your tickets in advance).
Recipe search: Got a craving for jollof rice? Type ‘jollof rice’ into the search bar and Google will show you a host of recipe suggestions, so you’re guaranteed to find one exactly to your taste.
Live sports scores: Search makes it easy to stay up on the latest scores, whether you’re a fervent fantasy sports aficionado or a casual fan. Type in the name of your favourite team or league (like the NPFL), and get real-time scores and recaps from recent games.
Weather forecast: Planning a trip somewhere and need to know what to pack? Simply search ‘weather (and the location)’ and right there on your search results page, you’ll get the forecast for the next week.
Find a job: Now available in more than 100 countries around the world, you can search for jobs right on Google. Try searching for ‘jobs near me’ or ‘retail jobs’ to explore jobs from across the web. You can also save jobs set up alerts, map your potential commute and click through to apply.
Set a timer: Need to monitor your dinner while you’re elsewhere in the house? Set a timer by typing ‘set a timer to 12 minutes and 45 seconds’ and Google will sound an alarm when the time is up.
Help with health questions: Not feeling so good? Type your ailment name into the search bar and, if it’s a common condition like influenza or a sprained ankle, you’ll find relevant medical facts in a knowledge panel. Google will show you typical symptoms, treatments, how common the condition is, whether it’s critical or contagious, ages of people affected and more — all from reliable sources and vetted by doctors.
Tip calculator: You can use Google to calculate your tip when you’re in a restaurant. Simply search for ‘tip calculator’, enter the cost of your meal, and the percentage you want to tip. You can even ask Google to help you split the bill evenly with your friends.
Convert cash: If you’re heading out on a trip, here’s a tool that makes a ton of cents – real-time currency conversions right on Google. Search for something like ‘$500 in naira’ and you’ll get a box with the current exchange rate and an interactive graph to let you explore the changes over time.
Track packages: You can enter any UPS, USPS, or Fedex tracking number directly into the Google search bar, and it’ll show you the tracking information about your package.
Keep track of your life: If you don’t want to toggle through your tabs, Search can help you find information about your upcoming plans. If you’re logged into your Google account, search for ‘my trips’ or ‘my appointments’ and Google will show you (and only you!) your upcoming flights, hotel reservations and schedule from Gmail and Google Calendar.
Get the numbers about your food:Watching your weight? You can search for nutritional information and find out the number of calories in your everyday foods. For example, ask Google ‘how much fat is there in chocolate cake?’ or ‘how much sugar is there in tomato sauce?’ and Google will break down the nutritional stats for you.
Definitions and synonyms: You can use Google as a dictionary and thesaurus. Try searching for ‘what does loquacious mean?’ and you might find yourself talking nonstop about this feature.
Ask complex multi-part questions: Google really does have the answer to just about everything – no matter how complex. For example, if you search ‘when were the members of Plantashun Boiz born?’, you will see the birth dates of ‎2baba Idibia‎, ‎Faze and ‎Blackface.
Search with an image: On your computer, upload your own photo to Google Images to find the same or similar photos on the web. Click on the camera icon in Google Images and Google will also tell you the origin and other details about the photo. Now you can know where that meme really came from.
Check how to say massive numbers correctly: Type in any long number and add ‘=english’ to the end of your search and you’ll find the correct way to spell out the number in words. Try it for 6006131520.
Search within a time period: You can narrow your search to a specific date range and see only content published during that time. This can be useful if you’re looking for insight into how a news topic may have been covered at a certain point in time or looking for resources for a history paper, perhaps.
Search within a site: If you’re looking for an article or page from a specific publisher, Search will let you focus your results on that single website. Just add ‘site:’ ahead of the web URL to limit your results to that publisher – for example, site:cnn.com (you need to drop the www). You can then sort by recency or add additional keywords to narrow down your search.
Advanced search: If all of these tricks still don’t get you what you need, you can use Advanced Search to apply a number of filters, like specifying terms you want to exclude or only find pages that are in certain languages, regions, sites or file formats.

How to access WhatsApp on your pc and mac books with just and easy step

Hello everyone to access your whats app on your various PC’s is a very simple process first of all:

A.For normal android phone :

1.you make sure you have a stable internet connection.

2.you visit web.whatsapp.com on your PC(A page will be shown.  on the right hand corner of the page you will find a QR)

3.then you visit your whatsapp application on your phone and click on the option that at the upper part of the page.

4.you will see some set oof option.here are the sets of option

5.you will then click on whatsapp web then you will see a QR code and you will scan it by pointing you phone camera to the code on your PC.

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B.for i phones or I pad

First and for most

1.you open your WhatsApp application .

2.then you click on settings at the left bottom side of the page.

3.then you click on WhatsApp web/desktop

4.then you will see the QR code and you scan it.and you are there.

13Secret whatsapp trick you might not know about

 
WhatsApp. Wonderful, wonderful, WhatsApp. The messaging service that made BBM look boring and text messages redundant. Of course there are now heaps of messaging services around, but WhatsApp has had a massive head start on almost all of them, meaning it has tonnes of features. You can read all about what it is and how it works in our WhatsApp feature, but for those who already know the beauty of the service, here are some secret tips you might not know about.
Apple users can get Siri to read any unread WhatsApp messages, once you have followed the steps to give the personal assistant access. You can also get Siri to reply to the message with your voice or start a new message to a contact.
iOS: “Hey Siri, read my last WhatsApp message” > “Hey Siri, send a WhatsApp message to [contact]”
Those blue ticks can get you in a whole world of trouble, especially when you don’t reply instantly and someone sees you have read their messages. You can turn them off, but it’s worth noting that if you do, you won’t get read receipts for your messages either.  

Apple users: If you get Siri to read the message, the blue ticks won’t appear so this could be a good way to read a message without the sender knowing you have.
iOS: Settings > Account > Privacy > Toggle off Read Receipts.
Android: Settings > Account > Privacy > Untick Read Receipts.
Sometimes certain words need more emphasis and shouty caps just isn’t going to cut it. Don’t worry, WhatsApp allows you to make whichever words or phrases you want bold, italic, or strikethrough them altogether.
iOS and Android: Add an asterisk either side of the word or phrase for *bold*. Add an underscore either side of the word or phrase for _italic_. Add a tildes to either side of the word or phase for ~strikethrough~.  

Who is really your favourite person? It might not be who you think. On iOS, there is a way to find the people you send the most messages to and how much storage each person takes up, among other things.
iOS: Settings > Data and Storage Usage > Storage Usage > Select Contact
If you’re prone to forgetting dates mentioned in various chats, it’s possible to automatically create an event directly from WhatsApp on iOS.
iOS: Press and hold date within chat > Create Event
Ever been out and about, read a chat and then completely forgot to reply? We do it all the time. There is a way to mark important chats with dot to remind you to go back to it though.
iOS: Chats >  Swipe left to right > Mark as Unread
Android: Long press chat > Open Menu > Mark as Unread  
Ever passed your phone to a friend and instantly panicked about the messages they might see come through? Yeah, we haven’t either. For those that have, you can turn off message preview on iOS so only the contact’s name will appear, rather than their life story, or you can turn off notifications altogether.
In Android, it’s not possible through the WhatsApp app but you can stop private information showing up on your lock screen in Android itself.
iOS: Settings > Notifications > Toggle off Show Preview / Settings > Notifications > Toggle off Show Notifications
You might not want everyone to see your profile picture, especially if you’re part of several groups where you don’t know everyone in the group. Or perhaps you just fancy being a little mysterious for the day. Either way, you can choose if everyone, no-one, or only your contacts see your picture.
iOS & Android: Settings > Account > Privacy > Profile Photo  

Do you have a few extra special people you talk to all the time via WhatsApp? We do too. You can create a shortcut for specific conversations on Android, making it easier to access those chats you need all the time.
Android: Chats > Specific chat > Menu > More > Add Shortcut or Chats > Press and hold individual chat > Menu > Add Chat Shortcut
Apple users can see which contacts they have unread messages from without opening the WhatsApp app by adding the WhatsApp Recent Chats widget to their device. Up to eight of your latest chats will appear within the recent chats widget when you swipe left to right from your main home screen or lock screen.
The widget shows the circular profile picture icon with a number of how many unread chats you have from that particular contact. You can then click on the chat you want to read and WhatsApp will open on that specific chat.
iOS: Swipe left to right from your lock screen or your main home screen > Scroll down to the Edit icon at the bottom > Add the WhatsApp Recent Chats icon > Rearrange the order of your widgets
Some messages are more important than others. Whether it’s a date you need to remember, or a good restaurant you’ve been recommended. It’s possible to bookmark these messages and find them all easily in the Starred Messages section.
iOS: Chats > Specific chat > Specific message > Double tap or hold down and press the star
Android: Chats > Specific chat > Specific message > Hold down and press the star
Ever had a free evening and wanted to ask several of your friends if they are around without having to open up each chat to ask them seperately?
You can send a broadcast message to a list of contacts with it appearing as though you’ve asked them individually. Great for saving time, terrible if they all reply yes.
iOS: Chats > Broadcast Lists > New List > Add contacts
Android: Chats > Menu > Ne
w Broadcast  .

There might be certain contacts you want to know instantly if they are calling or messaging you. To make sure they don’t blend into the crowd, you can change their specific alert tones so you recognise when that particular person has sent you a message or is WhatsApp calling you.
iOS & Android: Chats > Specific chat > Tap on contact name at top > Custom Notifications
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Depositor’s Guide: Ten quick things to know about Skye Bank takeover

85% Of mad people in Nigeria are youth-medical doctor

A Medical Doctor, Dr Aliyu Abubakar of Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital (ABUTH), Zaria, has said that the youths account for over 85 per cent of mad people in Nigeria.
Abubakar made the remark in a paper he presented at a sensitisation workshop for youths organised by Bizara Youth Development Association in Zaria Local Government Area of Kaduna State entitled: “Drug Abuse in Nigeria: Causes, Effects and Solutions.”
He said:-
“According to a recent study, 85 per cent of mad people in Nigeria are youths within the age bracket of 18-38 years.
The major cause of mental challenge in Nigeria has gone beyond drug-abuse as the youths now inhale lizard feces, putting their noses into pit toilets, smoking matches, smoking dried horse feces and mixing lizard feces with dye powder.
Drug abuse disorder is a common problem affecting about 5 per cent of the of the world population with an estimated 10.2 per cent in the USA.”
He recalled that in Nigeria, it was recently reported that about three million bottles of cough syrup containing codeine is consumed daily in Kano State and about six million bottles consumed in the North-West. Abubakar added that in 2016, the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency reported that about 40 per cent of Nigerian youths engaged in drug-abuse.
The medical doctor stressed that the consequences of drug-abuse include mental disorder, liver cirrhosis, lethargy and cardiovascular disorder among others.
Abubakar added that those abusing drugs mostly drop out of school, engage in cultism, violence, arm-robbery, thuggery, rape,
lawlessness, murders and are culturally disorientated.

Textbook calls cancer a ‘disease of choice’ — and it’s required reading for UNC students | News & Observer

Undergraduates at UNC are required to take a one credit hour course called Lifetime Fitness. Chris Seward
A textbook for a required fitness class at UNC-Chapel Hill calls cancer a disease of choice, describes a theory that Holocaust victims failed to tap into their inner strength and maintains that “many if not most women” who are obsessed with weight have become habitual dieters.

The online textbook, “21st Century Wellness,” also includes standard information about fitness, nutrition and health. It is read by students in a one-credit hour course called Lifetime Fitness, required of all undergraduates at UNC. Each year, nearly 5,000 undergraduates take the class, which is aimed at teaching students about healthy lifestyles while incorporating a physical activity such as tennis, soccer or running.

Skye Golann, who graduated from UNC in May, took the class in the fall of 2017. He made an A, and said he enjoyed the physical activity twice a week as part of the class.

But he said the online course reading materials were “beyond bad.” He said he would sometimes read his girlfriend passages of “the craziest thing I found in the book that week.”

Golann said the book gives short shrift to genetic or societal factors that affect people’s health — for example, a lack of access to health care and good nutrition for many lower-income people. “There’s an extreme emphasis on personal responsibility that pretty much explicitly blames people in poor health,” he said, “which I thought was very problematic.”

Calling cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular problems diseases of choice goes too far, Golann said.

“Who doesn’t know someone who is a survivor or someone who died of cancer?” Golann added. “I remember thinking about, reading it — we have a huge cancer hospital less than a mile away.”

Positive thinking and natural choices
The book was written by two professors of exercise science at Brigham Young University, including Barbara Lockhart, a former Olympic speedskater who has taught mind/body integration, according to biographical information of the authors. The book explores the power of positive thinking, traditional Chinese medicine and making natural choices about health, as opposed to “surgery, drugs, or other means to achieve your desired ends.”

Christopher Johnson, the developer of the online course as part of a company called Bearface Instructional Technologies, said the information was peer reviewed by professors across the nation and by UNC faculty before the course book adoption.

Johnson left the publisher’s parent company, Indianapolis-based Perceivant, last year and formed a new higher education technology startup. He acknowledged that there had been some negative feedback about some elements of the book, but said scientific evidence backs up information that personal choices such as smoking, drug use and poor nutrition create risk factors for disease.

“Nowhere do we make character judgments,” Johnson said. “In fact, one of the approaches of the book is to really help students understand to build a sense of intrinsic motivation, that they need to get their source of energy and value from within, and not to say, because you’re overweight you’re not a good person. … In our society today, the diseases that kill most people — a vast majority are because of people’s behaviors.”

UNC adopted the online course materials a few years ago, said Darin Padua, chair of exercise and sport science, though the Lifetime Fitness course has been in existence for nearly 15 years.

Lifetime Fitness replaced the university’s required traditional physical activity courses. Padua said the change was made to give students more of an education on fitness and healthy living, as opposed to one standalone sports class that would be less likely to have a long-term benefit for students.

The course modules revolve around basic themes of how to have a healthy lifestyle, including cardiovascular fitness, muscles, endurance and strength, flexibility, nutrition and weight management, Padua said.

He said UNC seeks student reviews on its classes, and the strengths and weaknesses of how the content is presented.

“Each year we get feedback and we try to keep things updated as information changes,” Padua said, adding, “We work with the publishing group, Bearface, to make modifications on a regular basis.”

‘You’re going to definitely get criticisms’
“When you’re having over a thousand students through a course each year, you’re going to definitely get criticisms, and we take those very seriously because we want to make sure we’re providing the best educational content out there,” he said.

Padua said he wasn’t familiar with specific passages that the student critic mentioned and could not speak to them. But he said he would take a look at it.“Everyone realizes that there are a lot of factors that are related to disease, and it’s not a personal choice,” he added. “People have opportunities to maintain a healthy lifestyle but there are certain things that set people up to make that more difficult, for sure, based upon their surroundings and the environment and genetics.”

Online courseware is big business, and large publishing firms are racing to develop interactive materials to replace or supplement textbooks. Perceivant sells its health and fitness courseware to 14 universities, including Arizona State, Ohio State, Kennesaw State and Brigham Young universities. Its website includes a case study on UNC’s Lifetime Fitness class, and features the UNC logo along with those of other universities.

In a 2014 promotional video, Johnson said the firm wanted to grow revenue aggressively. That year, the company had $1 million in revenue but aimed for $36 million by this year, if it could spread the courses to 200 campuses. “Because faculty make the textbook adoption decision and students are required to make the purchase, we need to target the individual faculty who control the largest adoption programs,” he said in the video.

Not ‘one size fits all’
Joel Davis, director of collegiate partnerships at Perceivant, said the company has structured its contracts with authors to allow for customization based on each university’s needs. So, for example, at Kennesaw State in Georgia, the “21st Century Wellness” book was altered, with nine chapters written by the school’s own faculty and the other eight chapters from the original authors.

Davis said academic departments might view content and terminology differently.

“It’s not going to be a one size fits all,” Davis said. “Some people are going to not want this chapter but they’re going to want that chapter.”

Another advantage, Davis said, is that professors can monitor students’ engagement with the online class material and intervene if students appear to be in danger of failing. In UNC’s class, faculty can collect aggregated student data to see students’ fitness and learning outcomes.

The courses feature interactive elements, including a self assessment on fitness. Students can check their progress in the course, and they do the test at the end to see whether their fitness improved.

“It helps students understand, in a very personal way, how the academic content immediately impacted them,” Johnson said.

Johnson said the online course material is purchased for about $36 per student, much less than most textbooks. That includes the book, interactive software and other elements.

Golann said a required health class in college makes sense, and students want more information about mental health in particular. But UNC’s online course had the feel of a class outsourced to a private company. The content, he said, was not up to UNC’s standards.

“It is the only required textbook that every UNC student has to take,” he said. “At graduation, this is the only book that everyone’s supposedly read.”

Jane Stancill: 919-829-4559, @janestancill

Excerpts from ‘21st Century Wellness’
“While enduring the atrocities of the concentration camps in World War II, Victor Frankl developed his school of psychotherapy, which he called logotherapy. He realized deep down that his life had meaning no matter how inhumanely he was being treated by his captors. The people in the camps who did not tap into the strength that comes from recognizing their intrinsic worth succumbed to the brutality to which they were subjected. They gave up or felt they were not deserving of being treated better. After surviving the camps, Frankl taught that every life has meaning and it is up to each person to discover and believe in that meaning.”

“Physicists and biologists speak of coherence, the integration of vast amounts of complex activities within a system, whether the whole universe or the human being. We feel this phenomenon of coherence when our heart, mind and body are aligned. It gives us a feeling of wholeness, feeling connected within ourselves. This feeling can transcend to others, feeling a oneness with others, or even to the earth or the cosmos, feeling a oneness with life.”

“There are many hundreds of research studies that have been published on the health-related benefits of cardiorespiratory fitness and a physically active lifestyle. Most of these health benefits come in the form of reducing risk of chronic diseases that are both physical and mental in nature. Some experts have begun calling these diseases diseases of choice because how we choose to live, in large part, determines the risk of being diagnosed with disease like heart disease, cancer, dementia, and others.”

“The therapeutic versus eugenic argument can be applied to your choices for healthy living. Will you choose to take a natural approach to living a prudent lifestyle focusing on being physically active, eating well, getting enough sleep, avoiding tobacco and so forth? Will you choose to use options other than these natural paths such as surgery, drugs, or other means to achieve your desired ends? Our intent is to provide you not only with the knowledge but also the context for making these choices so that you are aware of the potential benefits or detrimental consequences of your choices.”

“Thinking positively about yourself and others and reducing negativity in your life will work like a magnet helping to attract more positive people and things into your life.”

“When obsessed with weight, many if not most women and some men have become habitual dieters. A restriction in the amount of food eaten may result in an immediate weight loss; however, it also puts the body into a ‘survival mode’ characterized by a reduction in metabolism.”

Undergraduates at UNC are required to take a one credit hour course called Lifetime Fitness. Chris Seward
A textbook for a required fitness class at UNC-Chapel Hill calls cancer a disease of choice, describes a theory that Holocaust victims failed to tap into their inner strength and maintains that “many if not most women” who are obsessed with weight have become habitual dieters.

The online textbook, “21st Century Wellness,” also includes standard information about fitness, nutrition and health. It is read by students in a one-credit hour course called Lifetime Fitness, required of all undergraduates at UNC. Each year, nearly 5,000 undergraduates take the class, which is aimed at teaching students about healthy lifestyles while incorporating a physical activity such as tennis, soccer or running.

Skye Golann, who graduated from UNC in May, took the class in the fall of 2017. He made an A, and said he enjoyed the physical activity twice a week as part of the class.

But he said the online course reading materials were “beyond bad.” He said he would sometimes read his girlfriend passages of “the craziest thing I found in the book that week.”

Golann said the book gives short shrift to genetic or societal factors that affect people’s health — for example, a lack of access to health care and good nutrition for many lower-income people. “There’s an extreme emphasis on personal responsibility that pretty much explicitly blames people in poor health,” he said, “which I thought was very problematic.”

Calling cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular problems diseases of choice goes too far, Golann said.

“Who doesn’t know someone who is a survivor or someone who died of cancer?” Golann added. “I remember thinking about, reading it — we have a huge cancer hospital less than a mile away.”

Positive thinking and natural choices
The book was written by two professors of exercise science at Brigham Young University, including Barbara Lockhart, a former Olympic speedskater who has taught mind/body integration, according to biographical information of the authors. The book explores the power of positive thinking, traditional Chinese medicine and making natural choices about health, as opposed to “surgery, drugs, or other means to achieve your desired ends.”

Christopher Johnson, the developer of the online course as part of a company called Bearface Instructional Technologies, said the information was peer reviewed by professors across the nation and by UNC faculty before the course book adoption.

Johnson left the publisher’s parent company, Indianapolis-based Perceivant, last year and formed a new higher education technology startup. He acknowledged that there had been some negative feedback about some elements of the book, but said scientific evidence backs up information that personal choices such as smoking, drug use and poor nutrition create risk factors for disease.

“Nowhere do we make character judgments,” Johnson said. “In fact, one of the approaches of the book is to really help students understand to build a sense of intrinsic motivation, that they need to get their source of energy and value from within, and not to say, because you’re overweight you’re not a good person. … In our society today, the diseases that kill most people — a vast majority are because of people’s behaviors.”

UNC adopted the online course materials a few years ago, said Darin Padua, chair of exercise and sport science, though the Lifetime Fitness course has been in existence for nearly 15 years.

Lifetime Fitness replaced the university’s required traditional physical activity courses. Padua said the change was made to give students more of an education on fitness and healthy living, as opposed to one standalone sports class that would be less likely to have a long-term benefit for students.

The course modules revolve around basic themes of how to have a healthy lifestyle, including cardiovascular fitness, muscles, endurance and strength, flexibility, nutrition and weight management, Padua said.

He said UNC seeks student reviews on its classes, and the strengths and weaknesses of how the content is presented.

“Each year we get feedback and we try to keep things updated as information changes,” Padua said, adding, “We work with the publishing group, Bearface, to make modifications on a regular basis.”

‘You’re going to definitely get criticisms’
“When you’re having over a thousand students through a course each year, you’re going to definitely get criticisms, and we take those very seriously because we want to make sure we’re providing the best educational content out there,” he said.

Padua said he wasn’t familiar with specific passages that the student critic mentioned and could not speak to them. But he said he would take a look at it.“Everyone realizes that there are a lot of factors that are related to disease, and it’s not a personal choice,” he added. “People have opportunities to maintain a healthy lifestyle but there are certain things that set people up to make that more difficult, for sure, based upon their surroundings and the environment and genetics.”

Online courseware is big business, and large publishing firms are racing to develop interactive materials to replace or supplement textbooks. Perceivant sells its health and fitness courseware to 14 universities, including Arizona State, Ohio State, Kennesaw State and Brigham Young universities. Its website includes a case study on UNC’s Lifetime Fitness class, and features the UNC logo along with those of other universities.

In a 2014 promotional video, Johnson said the firm wanted to grow revenue aggressively. That year, the company had $1 million in revenue but aimed for $36 million by this year, if it could spread the courses to 200 campuses. “Because faculty make the textbook adoption decision and students are required to make the purchase, we need to target the individual faculty who control the largest adoption programs,” he said in the video.

Not ‘one size fits all’
Joel Davis, director of collegiate partnerships at Perceivant, said the company has structured its contracts with authors to allow for customization based on each university’s needs. So, for example, at Kennesaw State in Georgia, the “21st Century Wellness” book was altered, with nine chapters written by the school’s own faculty and the other eight chapters from the original authors.

Davis said academic departments might view content and terminology differently.

“It’s not going to be a one size fits all,” Davis said. “Some people are going to not want this chapter but they’re going to want that chapter.”

Another advantage, Davis said, is that professors can monitor students’ engagement with the online class material and intervene if students appear to be in danger of failing. In UNC’s class, faculty can collect aggregated student data to see students’ fitness and learning outcomes.

The courses feature interactive elements, including a self assessment on fitness. Students can check their progress in the course, and they do the test at the end to see whether their fitness improved.

“It helps students understand, in a very personal way, how the academic content immediately impacted them,” Johnson said.

Johnson said the online course material is purchased for about $36 per student, much less than most textbooks. That includes the book, interactive software and other elements.

Golann said a required health class in college makes sense, and students want more information about mental health in particular. But UNC’s online course had the feel of a class outsourced to a private company. The content, he said, was not up to UNC’s standards.

“It is the only required textbook that every UNC student has to take,” he said. “At graduation, this is the only book that everyone’s supposedly read.”

Jane Stancill: 919-829-4559, @janestancill

Excerpts from ‘21st Century Wellness’
“While enduring the atrocities of the concentration camps in World War II, Victor Frankl developed his school of psychotherapy, which he called logotherapy. He realized deep down that his life had meaning no matter how inhumanely he was being treated by his captors. The people in the camps who did not tap into the strength that comes from recognizing their intrinsic worth succumbed to the brutality to which they were subjected. They gave up or felt they were not deserving of being treated better. After surviving the camps, Frankl taught that every life has meaning and it is up to each person to discover and believe in that meaning.”

“Physicists and biologists speak of coherence, the integration of vast amounts of complex activities within a system, whether the whole universe or the human being. We feel this phenomenon of coherence when our heart, mind and body are aligned. It gives us a feeling of wholeness, feeling connected within ourselves. This feeling can transcend to others, feeling a oneness with others, or even to the earth or the cosmos, feeling a oneness with life.”

“There are many hundreds of research studies that have been published on the health-related benefits of cardiorespiratory fitness and a physically active lifestyle. Most of these health benefits come in the form of reducing risk of chronic diseases that are both physical and mental in nature. Some experts have begun calling these diseases diseases of choice because how we choose to live, in large part, determines the risk of being diagnosed with disease like heart disease, cancer, dementia, and others.”

“The therapeutic versus eugenic argument can be applied to your choices for healthy living. Will you choose to take a natural approach to living a prudent lifestyle focusing on being physically active, eating well, getting enough sleep, avoiding tobacco and so forth? Will you choose to use options other than these natural paths such as surgery, drugs, or other means to achieve your desired ends? Our intent is to provide you not only with the knowledge but also the context for making these choices so that you are aware of the potential benefits or detrimental consequences of your choices.”

“Thinking positively about yourself and others and reducing negativity in your life will work like a magnet helping to attract more positive people and things into your life.”

“When obsessed with weight, many if not most women and some men have become habitual dieters. A restriction in the amount of food eaten may result in an immediate weight loss; however, it also puts the body into a ‘survival mode’ characterized by a reduction in metabolism.”

2019 presidency: PDP BoT moves to produce consensus candidate

​The Board of Trustees of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) has begun moves to produce a consensus presidential candidate ahead of the party’s primaries slated for October 6.
Chairman of the Board, Sen. Walid Jibrin in a statement in Abuja on Monday, said the BoT has constituted a committee to discuss with all the aspirants with a view to reaching a consensus.
“A committee has been set up to discuss with all presidential aspirants to come up with one of them as the candidate. There are now 12 contestants.
“The party has been warned to manage the situation of new decampees to the party and also consider the role played by old members.
“As provided in the party’s constitution, the Board is empowered to regulate its proceedings and draw code of conduct for its members.
“The Board has decided to forward to the NWC its full recommendations. I wish to congratulate Gov Fayose for withdrawing from the presidential race,” he said.
Jibrin whose tenure was extended at the recently held meeting of the Board by five years as well as the Board’s Secretary, Sen. Adolphus Wabara, also said the BoT has cautioned its members against campaigning for any of the presidential aspirants
.